In unfinished Theban Tomb 221, situated in Qurnet Murai, the “General of the Army” Horimin is portrayed with a mixture of Libyan and Egyptian features: an over-emphasizing feather on his head, but in a kneeling position at prow and stern of the solar barque, a scene that is totally Egyptian. Ethnic representation in tombs is not unusual, but the description of the owner of the tomb as an Egyptianized foreigner is extraordinary. In an attempt to gain some insight into the history of the integration of non-Egyptian people into Egyptian society, this paper focuses on Libyan iconography and its evolution, the depiction of Libyans, and Horimin’s Libyan likeness, and concludes with a historical overview of the origin of people such as Horimin.
Human representation; ethnic identities; Libyan portrait
(icon) = Open Access (icon) = Subscription AccessDownload Full Text