This paper explores the complex encounters between the Egyptian and Pan-Grave traditions and their manifestation in the production and use of ceramic vessels. Theories of entanglement and appropriation are applied to a series of archaeological case studies in order to assess how well the concepts do or do not fit instances of cultural mixing observable in the archaeological record. The study focuses on the transfer of objects between cultural spheres and how they are or are not physically changed in situations of culture contact. It is argued that while these objects are products of processes of entanglement, they should not be considered themselves entangled. A more nuanced interpretational approach is promoted that combines Stockhammer’s entanglement with concepts of appropriation, hybridity, and style. A new model––assertive objects––is proposed as an alternative way to describe objects that exist in the spaces between cultures and traditions, and that express something about the complex socio-cultural negotiations that arise in situations of culture contact.
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