Before the beginning of the Twenty-fifth Dynasty with pharaoh Shebitqo, we lack reliable historical and chronological sources. Although the succession Alara–Kashta–Pi(ankh)y is generally accepted, it is far from clear if there were other rulers between them. Apart from having possible gaps in the line of the known kings, there is the question of the chronological position of the so-called Neo-Ramesside kings. At least two of them can be placed in the early phase of the Kingdom of Kush. In this paper, I intend to evaluate all these sources in order to present gaps, proofs, and assumptions of the period immediately before the Twenty-fifth Dynasty.
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