The complex nature of the interactions between Egypt and its Nubian neighbors is reflected in the most telling way in the material culture of the Kingdom of Kerma and in particular within the medium of what is known as “Egyptian faience,” a sintered-quartz, non-clay ceramic. Analysis has revealed that the material from the site of Kerma, the center of a Bronze Age Nubian civilization, is both of Egyptian manufacture and local production. Further investigation of both the composition and context of the faience has revealed a distinct and dramatic difference in the use and production of the substance that references the political dynamic that developed between the two cultures.
Kerma; faience; Nubian archaeology; ancient technology; Second Intermediate Period
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